All of the principles on this page apply to children as well, but here are some additional tips for communicating with this population.
Be age appropriate
Find out your audience's typical reading level as well as the level of conceptual difficulty they can handle. Consider the appropriate image to text ratio.
Incorporate audience participation into any learning activity, even if you cannot directly interact with your audience.
Address the whole child in your learning activities
Compartmentalizing is not a strong skill for most children; therefore consider any physical, emotional, social, and cognitive needs that may be present and incorporate them into your approach.
Use positive messages that focus on strengths.
Let children imagine what they can be, not what they shouldn't be. This includes using images that let children see themselves in positive ways.
Knowing the typical developmental stages of children is crucial to preparing appropriate and effective communication. UNICEF has a great site to help you navigate this critical information.
Bhagat, K., Howard, D. E., & Aldoory, L. (2018). The Relationship Between Health Literacy and Health Conceptualizations:An Exploratory Study of Elementary School-Aged Children. Health Communication, 33(2), 131–138. https://doi-org.treadwell.idm.oclc.org/10.1080/10410236.2016.1250188
Bell, J., & Condren, M. (2016). Communication Strategies for Empowering and Protecting Children. The journal of pediatric pharmacology and therapeutics : JPPT : the official journal of PPAG, 21(2), 176–184. https://doi-org.treadwell.idm.oclc.org/10.5863/1551-6776-21.2.176
Catherine L. Jenkins, Susie Sykes, & Jane Wills. (2022). Public Libraries as Supportive Environments for Children’s Development of Critical Health Literacy. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(11896), 11896. https://doi-org.treadwell.idm.oclc.org/10.3390/ijerph191911896
If you're a parent or a caregiver, you know that kids are hungry all the time. And while you want to give them the best, snack time can be a true test. How do you avoid the convenient-but-unhealthy storebought treats and instead provide something that not only tastes good, but is good for them them too? With The Best Homemade Kids' Snacks on the Planet, you'll find more than 200+ great ideas for solving the snack conundrum. Recipes and ideas you can whip up in minutes, without fuss in the kitchen, or fuss from your kid! So whether you're packing snacks for your purse, the school bag, the sports bag, or the can't-make-it-until-dinner whining hour, you'll find quick and healthy ideas everyone in your family will love.
Teaching nutrition to children early and often is the key to developing healthy eating habits. The fourth edition of How to Teach Nutrition to Kids includes over 200 cross-curricular activities featuring the MyPlate food guide, childrens books, gardening, recipes, food art, label reading, fitness and more. Fun, integrated, and behavior-focused, How to Teach Nutrition to Kids weaves nutrition education with math, science, language arts, social studies, performing arts, physical education, health education and the school cafeteria. Packed with ideas that empower children to evaluate nutrition information, make smart food choices and creatively prepare food, this book is used in schools, hospitals, scouting programs, 4-H, summer camps, and many other youth-focused initiatives.
Dozens of easy menus and tips to help you give your children healthy lunch-on-the-go alternativesThis upbeat guide is full of healthy alternatives to junk food–laden lunches. Drawing on her years of experience as both an educator and a mother, Marie McLendon has created a book loaded with recipes, menus, tips, and suggestions. This resource rescues you from the mundane and stressful task of figuring out how to pack a healthy lunch that your kids will actually eat.
Zhang, Tao, Joonyoung Lee, Tsz Lun Alan Chu, Changzhou Chen, and Xiangli Gu. 2020. “Accessing Physical Activity and Health Disparities among Underserved Hispanic Children: The Role of Actual and Perceived Motor Competence.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17 (9). doi:10.3390/ijerph17093013.
Dagny Y. Eythorsdottir, Peder Frederiksen, Sofus C. Larsen, Nanna J. Olsen, and Berit L. Heitmann. 2020. “Associations between Objective Measures of Physical Activity, Sleep and Stress Levels among Preschool Children.” BMC Pediatrics 20 (1): 1–7. doi:10.1186/s12887-020-02108-7.
Popović, B., Gušić, M., Radanović, D., Andrašić, S., Madić, D.M., Mačak, D., Stupar, D., Đukić, G., Grujičić, D., & Trajković, N. (2020). Evaluation of Gross Motor Coordination and Physical Fitness in Children: Comparison between Soccer and Multisport Activities. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(5902), 5902. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165902
Gunnell, K. E., Poitras, V. J., LeBlanc, A., Schibli, K., Barbeau, K., Hedayati, N., Ponitfex, M. B., Goldfield, G. S., Dunlap, C., Lehan, E., & Tremblay, M. S. (2019). Physical activity and brain structure, brain function, and cognition in children and youth: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Mental Health and Physical Activity, 16, 105–127. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mhpa.2018.11.002
Wick, K., Kriemler, S., & Granacher, U. (2021). Effects of a Strength-Dominated Exercise Program on Physical Fitness and Cognitive Performance in Preschool Children. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins), 35(4), 983–990. https://doi.org/10.1519/jsc.0000000000003942
From the US Department of Health and Human Services. Offers practical tips to help parents help their families find the right balance of eating well and being physically active to maintain a healthy weight.
A booklet from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases that is designed to help teenagers take small and simple steps to keep a healthy weight. It provides basic facts about nutrition and physical activity, and offers practical tools to use in everyday life, from reading food labels and selecting how much and what foods to eat, to replacing TV time with physical activities.
Teach young readers about basic personal hygiene in this simple, easy-to-read series. This book uses clear photographs and easy-to-follow instructions to help children get exercise and stay fit. A simple picture glossary reinforces new vocabulary.
With simple instructions and bright, clear illustrations, award-winning artist Taeeun Yoo invites children to enjoy yoga by assuming playful animal poses. And she sparks their imagination further by encouraging them to pretend to be the animal - to flutter like a butterfly, hiss like a snake, roar like a lion and more. Yoga is great for kids because it promotes flexibility and focus - and it's relaxing good fun! The charming pictures of children and animals and the lyrical text make this gentle introduction to yoga a book to be treasured.
This new edition offers practical advice to help middle and high school students stay safe online by making better choices and minimizing their risks. Cyberbullying, identity theft, phishing schemes, false advertising, the challenges of Facebook, and more are all fully explained.
One in five 'tweens', or students from ages 8 to 12, report knowing a friend who has been bullied online. Seven per cent of tweens report having been bullied online themselves. This title provides age-appropriate activities that help students communicate respectfully with others when using cyber technology.
This eight session program is designed specifically for students in middle school and high school. Using stories based on actual news events, students participate in small group discussions that center on real-life issues that teens face on the Internet everyday. At the end of the program, students work in small groups to create a plan for their own social networking Web site*.
*Students do not actually create a social networking site.
The Good Teen by Richard M. Lerner; Roberta Israeloff (As told to)
Publication Date: 2007-10-09
Children of Color by Jewelle Taylor Gibbs (Editor)
Publication Date: 2003-04-14
Teaching Stress Management by Nanette E. Tummers
Publication Date: 2011-07-01
What to Do When You Worry Too Much by Dawn Huebner; Candace, Bonnie & Ellen (Illustrator)
Publication Date: 2005-09-15
The Struggle to Be Strong by Al Desetta (Editor); Sybil Wolin (Editor)
Publication Date: 2000-01-15
A Kids' Guide to Hunger and Homelessness by Cathryn Berger Kaye
Publication Date: 2007-03-15
Kids explore what others in the world (including young people) have done and are doing to address the issues, find out what their community needs, and develop a service project. The workbook includes facts, quotations, real-life examples, write-on pages, resources, a note to adults--and a lot of inspiration to get out there and make a difference in the world. Includes exclusive interviews with author and activist Francis Moor Lappé, and Lindsey Lee Johnson, author of Soul Moon Soup, the story of a girl living on the streets with her mother.
Drugs and Substance Use
What Schools Should Do to Help Kids Stop Smoking by William L. Fibkins
Publication Date: 2000-02-01
Teens under the Influence by Katherine Ketcham; Nicholas A. Pace
Publication Date: 2003-08-26
How to Talk to Your Kids about Drugs by Stephen Arterburn; Jim Burns
Publication Date: 2007-03-01
I've Got This Friend Who by Anonymous; M. F. T. Obert
Publication Date: 2007-01-01
Reducing Underage Drinking by Richard J. Bonnie (Editor); Mary Ellen O'Connell (Editor); National Research Council (U.S.), Committee on Developing a Strategy to Reduce and Prevent Underage Drinking Staff (Contribution by); Board on Children, Youth, and Families Staff; Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Staff; Institute of Medicine Staff