The Truth Initiative is a non-profit public health organization dedicated to making tobacco use a thing of the past. Their website has many information about many issues related to tobacco use and youth, especially focusing on vaping/e-cigarettes.
To help you better understand the issues surrounding the use of e-cigarettes in teens and young adults, we are now bringing together published articles on e-cigarettes in one custom collection, giving you easy access through this collection to a compendium of studies and findings on this important topic. This custom collection will be continually updated online as we publish more articles on e-cigarettes, so please check this collection frequently for new studies and information that we hope you will share with your patients when they ask about concerns regarding the safety and risks of using e-cigarettes.
Smoking tobacco presents serious social problems with major impacts on public health. It is estimated that 25-30% of the general population in western countries are currently smoking. Tobacco use is the major preventable cause of death in the United States, responsible for more than 400,000 deaths annually. Within the USA and Europe, 70% of all smokers have tried to quit smoking at least once, but only about 6% of these succeeded in maintaining abstinence. This book covers the latest nicotine-related research. The selection of chapters has a certain unity as physiologic, pathologic and psychological themes run through the book and supply the logical connections between the various authors. This work is intended as a contribution to the reversal of the current tobacco epidemic and thereby to preventing many of the deaths attributable to tobacco predicted in this century.
Millions of Americans use e-cigarettes. Despite their popularity, little is known about their health effects. Some suggest that e-cigarettes likely confer lower risk compared to combustible tobacco cigarettes, because they do not expose users to toxicants produced through combustion. Proponents of e-cigarette use also tout the potential benefits of e-cigarettes as devices that could help combustible tobacco cigarette smokers to quit and thereby reduce tobacco-related health risks. Others are concerned about the exposure to potentially toxic substances contained in e-cigarette emissions, especially in individuals who have never used tobacco products such as youth and young adults. Given their relatively recent introduction, there has been little time for a scientific body of evidence to develop on the health effects of e-cigarettes.
Public Health Consequences of E-Cigarettes reviews and critically assesses the state of the emerging evidence about e-cigarettes and health. This report makes recommendations for the improvement of this research and highlights gaps that are a priority for future research.
Gray, N., Halstead, M., Gonzalez-Jimenez, N., Valentin-Blasini, L., Watson, C., & Pappas, R. S. (2019). Analysis of toxic metals in liquid from electronic cigarettes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(22). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224450
Langley, T., Bell-Williams, R., Pattinson, J., Britton, J., & Bains, M. (2019). “I felt welcomed in like they’re a little family in there, I felt like I was joining a team or something”: Vape shop customers’ experiences of e-cigarette use, vape shops and the vaping community. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(13). https://doi-org.treadwell.idm.oclc.org/10.3390/ijerph16132341
Yingst, J. M., Foulds, J., Veldheer, S., Hrabovsky, S., Trushin, N., Eissenberg, T. T., Williams, J., Richie, J. P., Nichols, T. T., Wilson, S. J., & Hobkirk, A. L. (2019). Nicotine absorption during electronic cigarette use among regular users. PloS One, 14(7), e0220300. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220300
Visser, W. F., Klerx, W. N., Cremers, H. W. J. M., Ramlal, R., Schwillens, P. L., & Talhout, R. (2019). The health risks of electronic cigarette use to bystanders. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16091525
This PDF provides information from the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) about the different policy options states have including: flavor restrictions, restricting the sale of products above a set nicotine level, prohibiting bulk purchases of e-cigarette products, e-cigarette product price increases, clean indoor air acts that include e-cigarettes, advertising and point of sale restrictions, and enforcement considerations.
Perrine, C. G., Pickens, C. M., Boehmer, T. K., King, B. A., Jones, C. M., DeSisto, C. L., Duca, L. M., Lekiachvili, A., Kenemer, B., Shamout, M., Landen, M. G., Lynfield, R., Ghinai, I., Heinzerling, A., Lewis, N., Pray, I. W., Tanz, L. J., Patel, A., & Briss, P. A. (2019). Characteristics of a multistate outbreak of lung injury associated with E-cigarette use, or vaping - United States, 2019. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 68(39), 860–864. https://doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6839e1
Ghosh, A., Coakley, R. D., Ghio, A. J., Muhlebach, M. S., Esther, C. R., Jr, Alexis, N. E., & Tarran, R. (2019). Chronic e-cigarette use increases neutrophil elastase and matrix metalloprotease levels in the lung. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 200(11), 1392–1401. https://doi.org/10.1164/rccm.201903-0615OC
Thirión-Romero, I., Pérez-Padilla, R., Zabert, G., & Barrientos-Gutiérrez, I. (2019). Respiratory impact of electronic cigarettes and “low-risk” tobacco. Revista de Investigacion Clinica; Organo Del Hospital de Enfermedades de La Nutricion, 71(1), 17–27. https://doi.org/10.24875/RIC.18002616
Darville, A., & Hahn, E. J. (2019). E-cigarettes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease: What clinicians and researchers need to know. Current Atherosclerosis Reports, 21(5), 15. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11883-019-0777-7
Qasim, H., Karim, Z. A., Rivera, J. O., Khasawneh, F. T., & Alshbool, F. Z. (2017). Impact of electronic cigarettes on the cardiovascular system. Journal of the American Heart Association, 6(9). https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.117.006353
Shi, H., Fan, X., Horton, A., Haller, S. T., Kennedy, D. J., Schiefer, I. T., Dworkin, L., Cooper, C. J., & Tian, J. (2019). The effect of electronic-cigarette vaping on cardiac function and angiogenesis in mice. Scientific Reports, 9(1), 4085. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-40847-5
Henriksen, L., Schleicher, N. C., Johnson, T. O., & Lee, J. G. L. (2020). Assurances of voluntary compliance: A regulatory mechanism to reduce youth access to e-cigarettes and limit retail tobacco marketing. American Journal of Public Health, 110(2), 209–215. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305436
Dai, H., & Hao, J. (2016). Exposure to advertisements and susceptibility to electronic cigarette use among youth. Journal of Adolescent Health, 59(6), 620–626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.06.013
Evans-Polce, R., Veliz, P., Boyd, C. J., McCabe, V. V., & McCabe, S. E. (2020). Trends in e-cigarette, cigarette, cigar, and smokeless tobacco use among US adolescent cohorts, 2014–2018. American Journal of Public Health, 110(2), 163–165. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2019.305421
Okawa, S., Tabuchi, T., & Miyashiro, I. (2020). Who uses e-cigarettes and why? E-cigarette use among older adolescents and young adults in Japan: JASTIS Study. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 52(1), 37–45. https://doi.org/10.1080/02791072.2019.1708999
This is an article put together by the Truth Initiative (a non-profit public health organization) about the 4 main marketing strategies used to target youth: scholarships, social media, music festivals/events, and flavors/packaging.
This CDC website has information about people's experiences talking to students about e-cigarettes and vaping, current research related to youth and vaping, and the resources for parents, teachers, coaches, and health care providers.
A fact sheet written by the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids that provides a summary of the research about e-cigarette use and youth, as well as the marketing strategies and public health issues related to youth.
Report on Teens Smoking and What They Think is in an E-Cigarette
Hsu, G., Gamst, A. C., Zhuang, Y.-L., Wolfson, T., & Zhu, S.-H. (2019). A comparison of e-cigarette use patterns and smoking cessation behavior among vapers by primary place of purchase. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(5). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16050724
Adriaens, K., Van Gucht, D., & Baeyens, F. (2018). About one in five novice vapers buying their first e-cigarette in a vape shop are smoking abstinent after six months. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(9). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15091886
Kim, B., Yoo, S., & Cho, S.-I. (2018). Association between stages of change for smoking cessation and electronic cigarette use among adult smokers: A nationwide cross-sectional study in Korea. PloS One, 13(9), e0204244. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0204244
Jankowski, M., Kaleta, D., Zgliczyński, W. S., Grudziąż-Sękowska, J., Wrześniewska-Wal, I., Gujski, M., Wierzba, W., & Pinkas, J. (2019). Cigarette and E-Cigarette Use and Smoking Cessation Practices among Physicians in Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16(19). https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16193595
Notley, C., Ward, E., Dawkins, L., Holland, R., & Jakes, S. (2019). Vaping as an alternative to smoking relapse following brief lapse. Drug and Alcohol Review, 38(1), 68–75. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12876
This Union for International Cancer Control's article discusses studies that look at the safety of vaping products/e-cigarettes, as well as their position as to whether these products should be banned.