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Peek-Asa, C., Butcher, B. & Cavanaugh, J.E. Cost of hospitalization for firearm injuries by firearm type, intent, and payer in the United States. Inj. Epidemiol. 4, 20 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40621-017-0120-0
Tseng,J., Nuño, M., Lewis, A. V., Srour, M., Margulies, D. R., & Alban, R. F. (2018). Firearm legislation, gun violence, and mortality in children and young adults: A retrospective cohort study of 27,566 children in the USA. International Journal of Surgery, 57, 30-34.
Cho, Agnes N., and Elizabeth B. Dowdell. 2020. “Unintentional Gun Violence in the Home: A Survey of Pediatric Advanced Practice Nurses’ Preventive Measures.” Journal of Pediatric Health Care 34 (1): 23–29. doi:10.1016/j.pedhc.2019.06.010.
The Urban Institute, Joyce Foundation, and Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies convened more than 100 people from communities affected by violence. We learned that violence prevention demands a holistic set of solutions. Limiting access to firearms is part of the solution, but a comprehensive strategy will also require improving police-community relations, investing in community services, and facilitating community leadership in violence prevention efforts.
Through community intervention strategies and efforts to stop the violence at its root source, certain cities have been remarkably effective at cutting rates of gun violence and saving lives. This website explains the interventions and the outcomes in various cities.
THE 12 GOLDEN RULES FOR SAFE GUN HANDLING
Always treat the gun as loaded.
Always keep the gun pointed in a safe direction.
Always keep your finger straight and off the trigger until you are ready to shoot.
Always keep the gun unloaded until you are ready to use it.
Never point the gun at anything you don't intend to destroy.
Be sure of your target and what is beyond it.
Learn the mechanical and handling characteristics of the gun you are using.
Always use proper Ammunition.
Be sure the barrel is clear of obstructions before loading and shooting.
If your gun fails to fire when the trigger is pulled, hold your shooting position for several seconds; then with the muzzle pointed in a safe direction, carefully unload the gun.
Don't rely on the gun's safety to keep it from firing.
Be aware of your surroundings when handling guns so you don't trip or lose your balance and accidentally point and/or fire the gun at anyone or anything.
The staggering toll of gun violence--which claims 31,000 U.S. lives each year--is an urgent public health issue that demands an effective evidence-based policy response. The Johns Hopkins University convened more than 20 of the world's leading experts on gun violence and policy to summarize relevant research and recommend policies that are both constitutional and have broad public support. Collected for the first time in one volume, this reliable, empirical research and legal analysis will help lawmakers, opinion leaders, and concerned citizens identify policy changes to address mass shootings, along with the less-publicized gun violence that takes an average of 80 lives every day.