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Treadwell's Service for Systematic, Scoping and Other Reviews

A guide to help with conducting comprehensive and non-comprehensive reviews

Conducting and Reporting Standards

Systematic Reviews

Scoping Reviews

Scoping reviews serve to synthesize evidence and assess the scope of literature on a topic. Among other objectives, scoping reviews help determine whether a systematic review of the literature is warranted.

Umbrella Reviews

Systematic reviews of systematic reviews

Rapid Reviews

Rapid reviews omit parts of the systematic review process to speed up the review process. 

Integrative Reviews

Integrative reviews are most often seen in the nursing discipline.

Living Systematic Reviews

Living systematic reviews are continually updated reviews that may be used to synthesize rapidly evolving areas of research. 

Narrative Reviews

Cochrane Reviews

The Cochrane Collaboration has produced a detailed handbook for researchers working on Cochrane reviews. Much of the guidance in the handbook is applicable to those working on systematic reviews.

Chapters: Defining the review question; Searching for studies; Selecting studies and collecting data; Assessing risk of bias; Analysing data; Addressing reporting biases; presenting results; Interpreting results; Including non-randomized studies; Adverse effects; Incorporating economics evidence; Special topics in statistics; Patient-reported outcomes; Reviews of individual patient data; Prospective meta-analysis; qualitative data; Reviews in public health/health promotion; Reviews of reviews.

The methodological standards all Cochrane protocols, reviews, and updates are expected to follow. They are divided into sections for conduct and reporting of reviews of interventions.

Quality Assessment Checklists